Uganda is situated in east Africa and completely landlocked by neighbouring nations. The country is famed for its wildlife and tropical climate. Uganda has rebounded from the abyss of civil war to become a relatively stable and peaceful nation. However, even today Uganda still struggles with the aftermath of civil war, widespread poverty, health epidemics and a lack of basic human rights - 24.8 percent of the population live in poverty.

Setting the Scene

  • Uganda was deeply destabilised and known for abominable human-rights violations in the Milton Obote and Idi Amin eras. During this time, many Ugandans came to believe that armed rebellion was the sole means for achieving political power. Since becoming president in 1986, Yoweri Museveni has restored relative stability through democratic reforms. However, Uganda still remains disabled by extreme poverty, disease, poor access to education and corruption, among other things.

    Additionally, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has perpetrated violence in northern Uganda for nearly two decades, abducting around 30,000 children6 and causing many others to flee the area in terror. The Ugandan Government and the LRA signed a truce in 2006, which halted the militia in its reign of terror.

  • Uganda is often held up as a model for Africa in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Strong government leadership and effective public education campaigns all contributed to a decline in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the 1990s. However, the success of Uganda's story should not detract from the personal, social and economic havoc AIDS has wreaked across the country. The disease has depleted Uganda's labour force, agricultural output and food security, and weakened its education and health services.

    Officially, an estimated 1.4 million people (3.9 percent of the total population) currently live with HIV in Uganda. In the past decade there have been more than 1.8 million AIDS related deaths. Around 25,000 babies are infected by HIV annually through mother-to-child transmission. Nearly half of the estimated 2.3 million orphans in Uganda were orphaned because of the disease.


  • Population of Uganda is 34.5 million
  • The annual population growth of Uganda is 3.5%
  • Just over half of the Ugandan population is under 15 years old
  • 86.5% of the Ugandan population live in rural areas
  • 28.7% people in Uganda live below the poverty line on less than $1.25 per day
  • Uganda‚Äôs expenditure on public health is only 1.6% of GDP
  • In Uganda, 80% of the work force is employed in agricultural areas




Nakaseke District

Kiwoko Hospital, The Adara Development's key partner organisation in Uganda, is based just outside of Kiwoko Town in the Nakaseke district, a 90-minute drive north of Kampala. During the 1980s, the Luwero region was the epicentre of Uganda's civil war, with hundreds of thousands of people massacred. Almost all local infrastructure was destroyed and much of the remaining population fled. Today, around half a million people live in the surrounding region and are involved mainly in subsistence farming. The region remains one of the poorest in Uganda.